The Holy Spirit And Prayer
By Andrew Murray
“In that day ye shall ask Me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto you, whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in My name, He will give it you. Hitherto have ye asked nothing in My name: ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full. …At that day ye shall ask in My name: and I say not unto you, that I will pray the Father for you: for the Father Himself loveth you” (John 16:23-27).
“Praying in the Holy Spirit, keep yourselves in the love of God” (Jude 20-21).
The words of John (1 John 2:12-14) to little children, to young men, and to fathers, suggest the thought that there often are in the Christian life three great stages of experience. The first is that of the newborn child, with the assurance and the joy of forgiveness. The second is the transition stage of struggle and growth in knowledge and strength – young men growing strong. God’s Word doing its work in them and giving them victory over the evil one. The final stage is that of maturity and ripeness, the fathers, who have entered deeply into the knowledge and fellowship of the eternal one.
In Christ’s teaching on prayer, there appear to be three somewhat analogous stages in the prayer life. In the Sermon on the Mount we have the initial stage. His teaching is all comprised of one word, Father. Pray to your Father. Your Father sees, hears, knows, and will reward, much more than any earthly father! Only be childlike and trustful. Then later on comes something like the transition stage of conflict and conquest in words like these: “This sort goeth not out but by fasting and prayer. Shall not God avenge His own elect who cry day and night unto Him?”
Then we have in the parting words a higher stage. The children have become men. They are now the Master’s friends, from whom He has no secrets, to whom He says, “All things that I heard from My Father I made known unto you,” and to whom, in the oft-repeated “whatsoever ye will,” He hands over the keys of the kingdom. Now the time has come for the power of prayer in His name to be proved.
Our Savior marks the contrast between this final stage and the previous preparatory ones most distinctly in the words we are to meditate on: “Hitherto ye have asked nothing in My name,” and “At that day ye shall ask in My name.” We know what “at that day” means. It is the day of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
The great work Christ was to do on the cross, the mighty power and the complete victory to be manifested in His resurrection and ascension, were to issue in the coming down from heaven as never before of the glory of God to dwell in men. The Spirit of the glorified Jesus was to come and be the life of His disciples. One of the marks of that wonderful Spirit dispensation was to be a power in prayer hitherto unknown, prayer in the name of Jesus. Asking and obtaining whatsoever they would is to be the manifestation of the reality of the Spirit’s indwelling.
To understand how the coming of the Holy Spirit was indeed to commence a new epoch in the prayer world, we must remember who He is, what His work is, and what the significance is of His not being given until Jesus was glorified. It is in the Spirit that God exists, for He is Spirit. It is in the Spirit that the Son was begotten of the Father; it is in the fellowship of the Spirit that the Father and the Son are one. There is the eternal never-ceasing giving to the Son which is the Father’s prerogative, and the eternal asking and receiving which are the Son’s right and blessedness. This communion of life and love is maintained through the Spirit. It has been so from all eternity. It is so especially now, when the Son as mediator ever lives to pray.
The great work which Jesus began on earth of reconciling God and man in His own body, He carries on in heaven. To accomplish this He took up into His own person the conflict between God’s righteousness and our sin. On the cross He once for all ended the struggle in His own body. He then ascended to heaven, that thence He might in each member of His body carry out the deliverance and manifest the victory He had obtained. It is to do this that He ever lives to pray. In His unceasing intercession He places Himself in living fellowship with the unceasing prayer of His redeemed ones. Or rather, it is His unceasing intercession which shows itself in their prayers and gives them a power they never had before.
He does this through the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit, the Spirit of the glorified Jesus, was not (John 7:39), could not be, until He had been glorified. This gift of the Father was something distinctly new, entirely different from what Old Testament saints had known. The work that the blood effected in heaven when Christ entered within the veil was something true and new. The redemption of our human nature into fellowship with His resurrection power and His exaltation glory was intensely real. The taking up of our humanity in Christ into the life of the Three-One God was an event of inconceivable significance. The Holy Spirit, who had to come from Christ’s exalted humanity to testify in our hearts of what Christ had accomplished, was indeed no longer only what He had been in the Old Testament.
It was literally true that “the Holy Spirit was not yet given, for Christ was not yet glorified.” He came now as the Spirit of the glorified Jesus. Even as the Son, who was from eternity God had entered upon a new existence as man, and returned to heaven with what He had not before, so the Blessed Spirit, whom the Son on His ascension received from the Father (Acts 2:33) into His glorified humanity, came to us with a new life which He had not previously to communicate. Under the Old Testament He was invoked as the Spirit of God. At Pentecost He descended as the Spirit of the glorified Jesus, bringing down and communicating to us the full fruit and power of the accomplished redemption.
It is in the intercession of Christ that the continued efficacy and application of His redemption is maintained. It is through the Holy Spirit descending from Christ to us that we are drawn up into the great stream of His ever-ascending prayers. The Spirit prays for us without words. In the depths of a heart where even thoughts are at times formless, the Spirit takes us up into the wonderful flow of the life of the Three-One God. Through the Spirit, Christ’s prayers become ours, and ours are made His. We ask what we will, and it is given to us. We then understand from experience, “Hitherto ye have not asked in My name. At that day ye shall ask in My name.”
Brother, what we need to ask to receive in the name of Christ that our joy may be full is the baptism of this Holy Ghost! This is more than the Spirit of God in the Old Testament. This is more than the Spirit of conversion and resignation the disciples had before Pentecost. This is more than the Spirit with a measure of His influence and working. This is the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of the glorified Jesus in His exaltation-power, coming on us as the Spirit of the indwelling Jesus, revealing the Son and the Father within (John 14:16-23).
It is when the Spirit is the Spirit not of our hours of prayer but of our whole life and walk, when this Spirit glorifies Jesus in us by revealing the completeness of His work and making us wholly one with Him and like Him, that we can pray in His name because we are in very deed one with Him. Then it is that we have that immediateness of access to the Father of which Jesus says, “I say not that I will pray the Father for you.”
Oh! We need to understand and believe that to be filled with the Spirit of the glorified One is the one need of God’s believing people. Then shall we realize what it is “with all prayer and supplication to be praying at all seasons in the Spirit” and what is “praying in the Holy Ghost, to keep ourselves in the love of God.” “At that day, ye shall ask in My name.”
Once again the lesson comes. What our prayer avails depends upon what we are and what our life is. It is living in the name of Christ that is the secret of praying in the name of Christ, living in the Spirit that fits for praying in the Spirit. It is abiding in Christ that gives the right and power in prayer. It is the Spirit dwelling within us that prays, not in words and thoughts always, but in breathing and a being deeper than utterance.
Just so much as there is of Christ’s Spirit in us is there real prayer. O let our lives be full of Christ, and full of His Spirit, and the wonderfully unlimited promises to our prayer will no longer appear strange. “Hitherto ye have asked nothing in My name. Ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full. At that day ye shall ask in My name. Verily, verily, I say unto you, whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in My name, He will give it you.”
O my God, in holy awe I bow before Thee, the Three in One. Again I have seen how the mystery of prayer is the mystery of the Holy Trinity. I adore the Father who ever hears, and the Son who ever lives to pray, and the Holy Spirit, proceeding from the Father and the Son, to lift us up into the fellowship of that ever blessed, never-ceasing asking and receiving. I bow, my God, in adoring worship, before the infinite condescension that thus, through the Holy Spirit, takes us and our prayers into the divine life and its fellowship of love.
O my blessed Lord Jesus, teach me to understand Thy lesson, that it is the indwelling Spirit, streaming from Thee, uniting to Thee, who is the Spirit of prayer. Teach me what it is as an empty, wholly consecrated vessel, to yield myself to His being my life. Teach me to honor and trust Him as a living Person to lead my life and my prayer. Teach me especially in prayer to wait in holy silence and give Him place to breathe within me His unutterable intercession.
Teach me that through Him it is possible to pray without ceasing, and to pray without failing, because He makes me partaker of the never-ceasing and never-failing intercession in which Thou, the Son, dost appear before the Father. Yea, Lord, fulfill in me Thy promise, at that day ye shall ask in My name. “Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in My name, that will He give.” Amen.